History of Blue Mountain Coffee
Coffee was introduced to Jamaica in 1728 when then-Governor Sir Nicholas Lawes received as a gift a coffee plant from the then neighboring Governor of Martinique, Jean François Louis de Brach . From that single Arabica Typica plant, the cultivation of coffee commenced across the island. By the mid-19th century, Jamaica had emerged as one of the leading producer of coffee globally. However, the industry failed to maintain production level post emancipation when majority of coffee lands were given to ex-slaves for subsistence farming.
Throughout its growing history, it was noticed that coffee grown within "The Blue Mountains" of Jamaica had unique qualities which made these beans more heavily favoured by consumers. These coffee berries were usually grown in the mountains of the parishes of St. Andrew, St. Mary, St. Thomas and Portland at altitude greater than 3000 ft above sea level.
In 1950 the Coffee Industry Board (CIB) was established and it was granted the responsibility of enforcing all regulations formed to control and maintain the quality of coffee beans for export. During 2018, the CIB was integrated into newly formed national commodity regulatory body, Jamaica Agricultural Commodities Regulatory Authority (JACRA).
Jamaica Blue Mountain has now grown to become of the most sought-after coffee in the world. Only a paltry .01% of the world’s total coffee beans, is produced in Jamaica with 70% being shipped Japan. The unique cupping profile, as well as its limited supply are some reasons why Jamaica Blue Mountain Coffee the most sought-after bean in the world.